Quonset Hut History: From World War II & Beyond
For over seven decades, the strength of the Quonset hut continues to serve both families and businesses all over the United States and around the world.
Who invented the Quonset hut and when?
The George Fuller construction company is credited with being the first company to manufacture Quonset huts on behalf of the US Navy in 1941. The exact inventor or designer isn’t known, but the design is based on the Nissen Hut design that originated from World War I.
In World War II, the U.S. Navy needed buildings that could be quickly assembled and disassembled but could withstand the rigors of the military and the Quonset hut was created. In essence, the Quonset hut wasn’t necessarily invented, but was a vast improvement of the Nissen Hut.
Why did the U.S. Navy use Quonset huts?
The U.S. Navy wanted an all-purpose building that was lightweight, easy to ship and easy to assemble. On top of that, Quonset huts have several key advantages that made them the obvious building of choice in World War II:
- Clear span interior – with no structural support poles or walls, they allow for unobstructed building space
- Strength of building – by using steel, they have undeniable strength
- Quick construction – because they are designed to be produced and assembled as kits, they take minimal time to erect
- Portable – they can be assembled, disassembled and moved to different bases depending on their need
How did the Quonset hut get its name?
The Quonset hut is named after the location it was first built, the Davisville Naval Construction Battalion Center at Quonset Point, Rhode Island. This proved to be a valuable and strategic location for the Navy, with the Construction Battalion Center creating Quonset huts for the surrounding Camp Thomas, Camp Endicott, the Advanced Base Depot, and the Advanced Base Proving Ground as well as creating them to be shipped around the world.
What’s the difference between a Quonset hut and Nissen hut?
Named after it’s inventor Lt. Colonel Peter Nissen, a Canadian officer in the Royal Engineers during the First World War, Nissen huts are similar to Quonset huts in form and function but are generally smaller with simpler designs.
What are Quonset huts made out of?
An arch building can technically be made out of almost any material, but for strength, longevity, and low maintenance, Quonset huts are exclusively made out of steel. While tin and aluminum can work to provide cover for a building, they do not stand up to the rigors of weather or natural disasters, or in the U.S. Navy’s case, war. Steel also allows for Quonset huts to be virtually indestructible with SteelMaster Quonset huts getting HVHZ approval for hurricane zones.
How long will Quonset huts last?
Due to Quonset Huts being made out of steel coated with anti-corrosive agents and their inherent structural strength, they can last a lifetime. Further, their disaster resistant design allows them to withstand punishing weather that would destroy a standard building. SteelMaster so believes in Quonset hut’s long-lasting strength that it offers customers a 30 year warranty on all Quonsets sold.
How have Quonset huts changed since they were invented?
Quonset huts have continued to improve since their inception. For example, upgrades in building materials, such as advancements in steel production and anti-corrosive coatings, have increased the durability. SteelMaster Quonset huts are also now produced with 100 percent recycled steel, so Quonset huts have become an environmentally friendly choice for buildings.
The Navy found many advantages when they used Quonset huts, like flexibility, portability, and durability. SteelMaster took this design from the 1970s, combined the architectural strength of the arch with modern technology, and made structures strong enough to support the heaviest snow loads and able to survive the strongest winds, even a category 4 hurricane!
Will Quonset huts continue to be popular?
When you compare a Quonset hut to a traditional building, the advantages of a Quonset hut become clear. Cost, ease of construction, customizability, and durability are all better with a Quonset.
Further, because Quonset huts are versatile, they can be used in any application. Garages, workshops, warehouses, storage, and even homes, can be created with a Quonset hut. Add to all this that they are environmentally friendly by using recycled steel, and Quonset huts are expected to be even more popular in the years to come.